Bladder Cancer

About Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer starts in the lining of the bladder. It is the 9th most common cancer in the world. More than 60% of all bladder cancers cases, deaths occur in the less developed regions of the world.

Symptoms of bladder cancer include passing of urine very suddenly (urgency), pain or burning sensation when passing urine, weight loss, pain in your back, lower tummy or bones, feeling tired and unwell.

Bladder cancer treatment varies depending on the type of cancer and whether or not the cancer has spread. Factors which can increase chances of getting bladder cancer include a family history, smoking, age, exposure to chemicals, chronic irritation to the bladder and urinary infections.

Once bladder cancer has been diagnosed, doctors will determine the stage of cancer and whether or not it is metastatic; based on which doctors would be able to devise a treatment plan. Treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, intra-vesical therapy, immunotherapy and targeted drug therapy.

To know more about bladder cancer you can refer to our Bladder Cancer Guide


No major professional organisations currently recommend any routine screening of the general public for bladder cancer.

our experts

Dr Vivek Venkat

Consultant Uro-Oncologist and Robotic Urologist

Dr Giles Hellawell

Consultant Urological Surgeon




TURBT: TransUrethral Resection of the Bladder Tumour (TURBT) is often used to find out if someone has bladder cancer and if so whether the cancer has spread into (invaded) the muscular layer of the bladder wall. TURBT is also the most common treatment for early – stage or superficial (non-muscle invasive) bladder cancers.

Cystectomy: When bladder cancer is invasive, all or part of the bladder may need to be removed.

Reconstructive surgery after radical cystectomy: If your whole bladder is removed, you’ll need another way to store urine and pass it out of your body. Several types of reconstructive surgeries can be done.

Intravesical Therapy for Bladder Cancer: The therapy involves putting a liquid drug right into your bladder rather than giving it by mouth or injecting in into your blood.

Chemotherapy: This is given by administrating drugs intravenously (IV), intra-arterially (IA) or via intra – peritoneal (IP) injections to destroy cancer cells. This treatment can last up to many weeks.

Radiotherapy: This is performed by directing radiation beams at the targeted area, and like chemotherapy this treatment usually requires multiple sessions which are performed over a series of weeks.

Targeted Therapy: This is performed by administrating a number of drugs to the patient which will target certain components of the cancer cells.

Immunotherapy: This is the use of medicined to stimulate a persons own immune system to recognise and Destry cancer cells more effectively.

Treatments are often used in combination with each other, particularly is the cancer is advanced and surgery is being performed. Chemotherapy may often be used before surgery to shrink the tumour or after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that could not be removed during surgery.

You may experience vomiting, nausea, hair loss, fatigue & body pain during treatment. Please do not hesitate to discuss this further with your doctor, for more information on the management of any symptoms.


  • Most patients require a post – surgical recovery period of up to 4- 6 weeks. Speak to your surgeon to understand the amount of recovery you would need following your treatment.
  • Appropriate rest is also important during this period.
  • If there is pain and discomfort then please speak to your doctor for its management.

length of stay

Hospital Stay:     3-7 days for surgery

Total Stay:           Depending upon treatment the length of stay can wary from 2 weeks to a few months

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