Cervical Cancer

About Cervical Cancer

Cervix is a part of the female reproductive system and is the lower part of the womb. It is the opening to the vagina from the womb. Cervical cancer is when abnormal cells grow on the icing of the cervix in an uncontrolled way. It is the forth most commonly occurring cancer in women and the eight most common cancer overall. There were an estimated of 600, 000 new cases registered global in 2018.

Symptoms of cervical cancer include unusual vaginal bleeding, pain or disconfirm during sex, vaginal discharge, pain the area between the hips bones (pelvis). Factors which an cause increased chances of getting cervical cancer include age, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, family history, use of contraceptive pills and smoking.

Once cervical cancer has been diagnosed, doctors will determine the stage of cancer and whether or not it is metastatic; based on which doctors would be able to devise a treatment plan.

Cervical cancer treatment varies depending on the stage of cancer and whether or not the cancer has spread. Treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and chemo-radiotherapy

To know more about cervical cancer you can refer to our Cervical Cancer Guide


Cervical screening is the process of detecting and removing abnormal tissue or cells in the cervix before cervical cancer develops. By aiming to detect and treat cervical neoplasia early on, cervical screening Aima at secondary prevention of cervical cancer.

A Pap teat is commonly used to screen for cervical cancer. It is a procedure to collect cells from the surface of the cervix and vagina. The cells are viewed under a microscope to find out if they are abnormal.

Cervical screening program recommends for women aged 21-29 to be screened every 3 yers and women aged 30-65 every 5 years. Women over 65 years of age do not need additional screening if the have had no unusual Pap or HPV test results in the past 10 years.

our experts

Dr Ninad Katdare

Consultant Surgical Oncologist

Professor Christina Fotopoulou

Consultant Gynaecological Oncologist



Surgery: The two main surgical options include:

    • Radical Trachelectomy: This surgery involves removal of most of the cervix and upper part of the vagina. The womb is left in place so it may be possible to have a baby afterwards.
    • Radical Hysterectomy: This surgery involves removal of the womb. It is quiet a bio operation and may be necessary to make sure that all the cancer has gone. Doctors usually offer a hysterectomy to women with stage 1 or 2A cervical cancer.

Chemotherapy: This is given by administrating drugs intravenously (IV), intra-arterially (IA) or via intra – peritoneal (IP) injections to destroy cancer cells. This treatment can last up to many weeks.

Radiotherapy: This is performed by directing radiation beams at the targeted area, and like chemotherapy this treatment usually requires multiple sessions which are performed over a series of weeks.

Chemoradiotherapy: You are most likely to have this treatment if your cervical cancer is at stage 1B2 or bigger, up to stage 4A. You may also have this treatment of you have had surgery and cancer cells were found in the lymph nodes close to the cervix. This treatment means having chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment together. Giving these treatments together can lower the risk of the cancer coming back.

Treatments are often used in combination with each other, particularly is the cancer is advanced and surgery is being performed. Chemotherapy may often be used before surgery to shrink the tumour or after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that could not be removed during surgery.

You may experience vomiting, nausea, hair loss, fatigue & body pain during treatment. Please do not hesitate to discuss this further with your doctor, for more information on the management of any symptoms.


  • Most patients require a post – surgical recovery period of up to 4- 6 weeks. Speak to your surgeon to understand the amount of recovery you would need following your treatment.
  • Appropriate rest is also important during this period.
  • If there is pain and discomfort then please speak to your doctor for its management.

length of stay

Hospital Stay:     3-7 days for surgery

Total Stay:           Depending upon treatment the length of stay can wary from 2 weeks to a few months

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