Hodgkin Lymphoma

There are 2 main types of lymphoma – Hodgkin & Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL) have a particular appearance under a microscope containing cells called Reed Sternberg Cells; whereas Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma does not have these cells and hence look different under the microscope. The most common symptom of HL is non-painful enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, under the arms or in the groin. Treatments include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy targeted therapy and stem cell transplant. Get verified second opinions from OncoConnect’s curated list of international Oncologists.

About Hodgkin Lymphoma

There are two main types lymphoma – Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL) was named after the doctor who first recognised it. It used to be called Hodgkin’s disease. HL has a particular appearance under a microscope. They contain cells called Reed Sternberg Cells; whereas Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma does not have these cells and hence look different under the microscope.

Reed Sternberg cells are a type of white bold cells called B lymphocyte, that has become cancerous. B lymphocytes normally make antibiotics to fight infections.

The most common symptom os HL are non-painful enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, under the arm or in the groin. Other symptoms may include fever, night sweats, weight loss and tiredness.

Once HL has been diagnosed, doctors will determine the stage of cancer and whether or not it is metastatic; based on which doctors would be able to devise a treatment plan.

HL treatment varies depending on whether or not cancer has spread. Treatments include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy targeted therapy and stem cell transplant.

To know more about Hodgkin’s Lymphoma you can refer to our Hodgkin Lymphoma Guide

screening

No major professional organisations currently recommend any routine screening of the general public for Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

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Cancer Treatment

treatment

Chemotherapy: This is given by administrating drugs intravenously (IV), intra-arterially (IA) or via intra – peritoneal (IP) injections to destroy cancer cells. This treatment can last up to many weeks.

Radiotherapy: This is performed by directing radiation beams at the targeted area, and like chemotherapy, this treatment usually requires multiple sessions which are performed over a series of weeks.

Targeted Therapy: This is performed by administrating a number of drugs to the patient which will target certain components of the cancer cells.

Stem Cell Transplant: This is commonly used to treat HL. When stem cell transplants were first discovered, the new stem cells came from the bone marrow and so this was known as Bone Marrow Transplant. Now, stem cells are often collected from the bloodstream and hence called Stem Cell Transplant. Stem Cell Transplant can either be autologous or allogenic.

Before the transplant high-dose chemotherapy is used to kill the cells in the bone marrow. Then the patient receives new, healthy blood-forming stem cells.

Treatments are often used in combination with each other, particularly is the cancer is advanced and surgery is being performed. Chemotherapy may often be used before surgery to shrink the tumour or after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that could not be removed during surgery.

You may experience vomiting, nausea, hair loss, fatigue & body pain during treatment. Please do not hesitate to discuss this further with your doctor, for more information on the management of any symptoms.

recovery

Recovery would depend upon treatment of choice, as stem cell transplant may require a longer duration of recovery.

Patients need to ensure appropriate rest during the recovery period. If there are pain and discomfort then please speak to your doctor for its management.

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length of stay

Hospital Stay:     3-14 days

Total Stay:           Depending upon treatment the length of stay can wary from 2 weeks to a few months

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