Kidney Cancer

About Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is the cancer that starts in the kidneys, which are art of your body’s urinary system. It is among the 10 most common cancers in both men and women. There were over 400,000 new cases reported in 2018 globally.

Symptoms of kidney cancer are blood in the urine, high temperature, very heavy sweating, pain in your back on one side (below the ribs) that wont go away, tiredness, loss of appetite and a general feeling of poor health. Factors that can increased chances of getting kidney cancer include obesity, smoking, alcohol, family history, history of diabetes and hypertension.

Once kidney cancer has been diagnosed, doctors will determine the stage of cancer and whether or not it is metastatic; based on which doctors would be able to devise a treatment plan.

Kidney cancer treatment varies depending on the stage of cancer and whether or not the cancer has spread.Treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, radiofrequency, targeted therapy and Immunotherapy.

To know more about kidney cancer you can refer to our Kidney Cancer Guide


No major professional organisations currently recommend any routine screening of the general public for kidney cancers.

our experts

Dr Rakesh Badhe

Consultant Surgical Oncologist

Professor Edward Leen

Consultant Interventional Radiologist



Surgery: It is the main treatment for most kidney cancers. The chances of surviving kidney cancer without having surgery are small. Depending on the stage and location of the cancer and other factors, surgery might be done to remove either the cancer along with some of the surrounding kidney tissue (known as partial nephrectomy) or the entire kidney (known as radical nephrectomy). The adrenal gland (the small gland that sits on top of each kidney) and fatty tissue around the kidney is sometimes removed as well.

Chemotherapy: This is given by administrating drugs intravenously (IV), intra-arterially (IA) or via intra – peritoneal (IP) injections to destroy cancer cells. This treatment can last up to many weeks.

Radiotherapy: This is performed by directing radiation beams at the targeted area, and like chemotherapy this treatment usually requires multiple sessions which are performed over a series of weeks.

Cryotherapy (cryoablation): This approach uses extreme cold to destroy the tumour. A hollow probe (needle) is inserted into the tumour either through the shin (percutaneously) or during laparoscopy.

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA): This technique uses high-energy radio waves to heat the tumour. A thin, needle like probe is placed through the skin and advanced until the end is in the tumour.

Targeted Therapy: This is performed by administrating a number of drugs to the patient which will target certain components of the cancer cells.

Immunotherapy: This involves the use of medicines to stimulate a persons own immune system to recognise and destroy cancer cells more effectively.

Treatments are often used in combination with each other, particularly is the cancer is advanced and surgery is being performed. Chemotherapy may often be used before surgery to shrink the tumour or after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that could not be removed during surgery.

You may experience vomiting, nausea, hair loss, fatigue & body pain during treatment. Please do not hesitate to discuss this further with your doctor, for more information on the management of any symptoms.


  • Most patients require a post – surgical recovery period of up to 4- 6 weeks. Speak to your surgeon to understand the amount of recovery you would need following your treatment.
  • Appropriate rest is also important during this period.
  • If there is pain and discomfort then please speak to your doctor for its management.

length of stay

Hospital Stay:     3-7 days for surgery

Total Stay:           Depending upon treatment the length of stay can wary from 2 weeks to a few months

Help us with your details to get started
with your cancer treatment.